State and Trait Anxiety as Mediators in the Relationship among Cognitive Restructuring and Study Skills Training with Academic Achievement
Author(s): Saeid Motevalli, Mohd Sahandri Ghani Hamzah, Hazalizah Hamza, Maryam Gholampour Garmjani
The aim of the study was to determine the role of state and trait anxiety as mediators in the relationship between cognitive restructuring and study skills training with academic achievement. Ninety-four high school students were randomly selected as a sample to receive either a CR or SST psycho-educational group therapy. The mediation analyses indicated that anxiety (state and trait anxiety post-test) could not be considered as significant mediators and this mediation was not a partial mediation. Furthermore, the results revealed that state anxiety follow-up could be considered as a significant mediator and this mediation was a partial mediation. However, trait anxiety follow-up could not be considered as a significant mediator and this mediation was not a partial mediation. However, the present study founded evidence of effects of state anxiety as a mediator on academic achievement. In conclusion, CR and SST were effective treatments for anxiety and academic achievement.